In-Text Component contains:
(Author, Year, p.#) if available; or
Zhang and Bateman’s 2011 report found “direct evidence of pollution in the river” (p.288).
Many characters experienced “ghostly visitations and other paranormal activities” (Niederhoff, 2005, p. 102).
It has been found that “a fraction of the 200,000 stars observed meet the parameters” (NASA, 2004).
Zhang and Bateman’s research clearly indicates that the river is polluted (2011, p. 288).
Only a small number of stars that were looked at met the parameters scientists were seeking (NASA, 2004).
APA Style generally suggests:
Andrew, S. (2021). Cetaceans. In K. H. Nemeh & J. L. Longe (Eds.), The gale encyclopedia of science (6th ed., Vol. 2, pp. 887- 893). Gale.
Car Emissions and Global Warming. (2014, July 18). Union of Concerned Scientists. https://www.ucsusa.org/resources/car- emissions-global-warming
Davis, D. R., Morean, M. E., Bold, K. W., Camenga, D., Kong, G., Jackson, A., Simon, P., & Krishnan-sarin, S. (2021). Cooling e-cigarette flavors and the association with e-cigarette use among a sample of high school students. PLoS ONE, 16(9), e0256844.
Gardner, J. E. (2021). Literature: A portable anthology (5th ed.). Bedford/St. Martin's.
Sanikini, H., Yuan, J.-M., Butler, L. M., Koh, W.-P., Gao, Y.-T., Steffen, A., Johansson, M., Vineis, P., Goodman, G. E., Barnett, M., Hung, R. J., Chen, C., & Stucker, I. (2018). Body mass index and lung cancer risk: A pooled analysis based on nested case-control studies from four cohort studies. BMC Cancer, 18(1).
An Example from APA:
When prompted with “Is the left brain right brain divide real or a metaphor?” the ChatGPT-generated text indicated that although the two brain hemispheres are somewhat specialized, “the notation that people can be characterized as ‘left-brained’ or ‘right-brained’ is considered to be an oversimplification and a popular myth” (OpenAI, 2023).
OpenAI. (2023). ChatGPT (Mar 14 version) [Large language model]. https://chat.openai.com/chat