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9th Grade Biology: APA Style Citations

This is a guide to help you find things you need for this project.

In Text Citation

In-Text Component contains:

    (Author, Year, p.#) if available; or

    (Organization,Year) or

    (“Title”, Year)

Direct Quote Examples

Zhang and Bateman’s 2011 report found “direct evidence of pollution in the river” (p.288).

Many characters experienced “ghostly visitations and other paranormal activities” (Niederhoff, 2005, p. 102). 

It has been found that “a fraction of the 200,000 stars observed meet the parameters” (NASA, 2004).

Paraphrase Examples

Zhang and Bateman’s research clearly indicates that the river is polluted (2011, p. 288).

Only a small number of stars that were looked at met the parameters scientists were seeking (NASA, 2004).

Title Page Format

APA Title Page

More Info

APA General Info

APA Style generally suggests:

  • White standard-sized paper (8.5 x 11)
  • 1-inch margins all the way around
  • 12 point font--typically Times New Roman or other easily read font
  • Double-space all text (except block quotes); one space after punctuation or between sentences 
  • Number pages in upper right-hand corner beginning with the title page

Reference List Example


Andrew, S. (2021). Cetaceans. In K. H. Nemeh & J. L. Longe (Eds.), The gale encyclopedia of science (6th ed., Vol. 2, pp. 887-                       893). Gale.

Car Emissions and Global Warming. (2014, July 18). Union of Concerned Scientists.                         emissions-global-warming

Davis, D. R., Morean, M. E., Bold, K. W., Camenga, D., Kong, G., Jackson, A., Simon, P., & Krishnan-sarin, S. (2021). Cooling                         e-cigarette flavors and the association with e-cigarette use among a sample of high school students. PLoS ONE, 16(9),                  e0256844.

Gardner, J. E. (2021). Literature: A portable anthology (5th ed.). Bedford/St. Martin's.

Sanikini, H., Yuan, J.-M., Butler, L. M., Koh, W.-P., Gao, Y.-T., Steffen, A., Johansson, M., Vineis, P., Goodman, G. E., Barnett, M.,                 Hung, R. J., Chen, C., & Stucker, I. (2018). Body    mass index and lung cancer risk: A pooled analysis based on nested                  case-control studies from four cohort studies. BMC Cancer, 18(1).

Image Example


Last name, Initials. (Year). Image title [Format]. Site Name. or Museum, Location. URL


Figure 1. Wolffish [Photograph]. (2019).

Citing ChatGPT and Other AI Generated Content

An Example from APA:

In text:

When prompted with “Is the left brain right brain divide real or a metaphor?” the ChatGPT-generated text indicated that although the two brain hemispheres are somewhat specialized, “the notation that people can be characterized as ‘left-brained’ or ‘right-brained’ is considered to be an oversimplification and a popular myth” (OpenAI, 2023).

Reference page:

OpenAI. (2023). ChatGPT (Mar 14 version) [Large language model].