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Robertson Soph. Harlem Renaissance: MLA Style

In Text Citation

In-Text Component contains:

(Author pg.#)  no comma

If no page number--just author

If no author--shortened title (2-3 words)

*In Text should match FIRST PART of bibliographic entry

Purdue Owl MLA In-Text Basics with examples

Direct Quote Examples

An example from the text states, "We all get confused about citations sometimes" (Robertson 11).


Zhang and Bateman’s 2011 report found “direct evidence of pollution in the river” (288).


Many characters experienced “ghostly visitations and other paranormal activities” (Niederhoff). 


It has been found that “a fraction of the 200,000 stars observed meet the parameters” (NASA).

Paraphrase Examples

Unexplained events were discussed by many of the people involved (Niederhoff 102).

Zhang and Bateman’s research clearly indicates that the river is polluted (288).

Only a small number of stars that were looked at met the parameters scientists were seeking (NASA).

Reference List Example

Works Cited

Byfield, Brenda. This Is a Book. Governor's Publishing, 2019.

"Can Garnet Planets Be Habitable?" NASA, 5 Jan. 2017,

Hongzhou, Zhang and Sam Bateman. "Fishing Militia, the Securitization of Fishery and the South China Sea Dispute." Contemporary Southeast Asia: A Journal of International & Strategic Affairs, vol. 39, no. 2, Aug. 2017, p. 288. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1355/cs39-2b

Niederhoff, Burkhard. "The Return of the Dead in Margaret Atwood's Surfacing and Alias Grace." Contemporary Literary Criticism, edited by Lawrence J. Trudeau, vol. 371, Farmington Hills, Gale, 2015. Literature Resource Center, 


See Purdue Owl Sample Works Cited Page HERE

General Format Info

  • White standard-sized paper (8.5 x 11)
  • 1-inch margins all the way around
  • 12 point font--typically Times New Roman or other easily read font
  • Double-space all text (except block quotes); one space after punctuation or between sentences 
  • Number pages in upper right-hand corner beginning with the first page of text

Title/First Page Format

MLA does NOT suggest the use of a Title Page unless specifically requested by your teacher.

In the UPPER LEFT-HAND CORNER of the first page--double spaced--list:

  • Your Name
  • Instructor's Name
  • Course Name
  • Date

After one double space CENTER the Title; DO NOT underline, bold, all-cap, or put your title in quotation marks.

Titles are only standard capitalization of first letters.

Double-space between Title and the first line of the paper.

Insert page numbers In UPPER RIGHT CORNER starting on the first page.



Image Example


Assign each image, video, etc. a figure number and refer to them in the text by that. 

Example: As shown by the photograph of the fish (fig.2), wolffish can be very colorful.

Place relevant information under the image: Author/Artist Last Name, First Name. Title or Description of Image. Year Created. Museum/Publisher name if applicable, URL.


Fig. 2. Wolffish. 2019.

Citation does not need to be repeated in the Works Cited list