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Studying and Test Taking

The Writing Process

  • PRE-WRITING: Prepare to write first by thinking and generating ideas, and then by organizing your ideas.
    • Thinking: mulling, collecting, researching, questioning, discussing, brainstorming, mind-mapping, free-writing.
    • Organizing:
      • Identifying purpose, thesis, and audience.
      • Outlining, identifying strategy to achieve purpose/thesis. Sorting note cards, selecting evidence/material.
  • DRAFTING: Execute your organization plan by focusing on the central questions.
    • What is your purpose?
    • Who is your audience?
    • Are you employing an effective strategy to reach your audience and purpose?
  • REVISING: “Re-see” your draft (ideally at a later time) by analyzing the “global” qualities of the paper.
    • _____Did you read the paper aloud?
    • _____ Does the writing throughout the paper support the purpose/thesis?
    • _____Is all material relevant?
    • _____Does the thinking proceed logically?
      • _____Does each paragraph connect clearly to neighboring paragraphs?
      • _____Does each paragraph work well as a mini-essay in itself?
    • _____Does an image/idea exist that ties the writing together?
    • _____Does the piece keep your interest?
    • _____Does you conclusion restate the purpose/thesis effectively and originally?
    • _____Do you answer the question “so what?”
  • EDITING: Fine-tune writing by considering the “local” qualities. Again, you should read the paper aloud.
    • _____Grammar
      • Run-ons, fragments
      • Agreement
      • Verb tenses
    • _____Style
      • Word choice
      • Action verbs
      • Sentence structure
      • Variety
      • Wordiness; vague terms
    • _____Spelling
    • _____Punctuation

Editing Marks